1. The "CEO": Your hypothalamusToday, the brain nuclei that make up the limbic system continue to be investigated and defined. Although much remains to be investigated, we know that the hypothalamus is the main nucleus , something like the "CEO" of our neuroendocrine axes, in charge of coordinating their work and proper functioning. When our CEO receives a stimulus, it produces a neurological signal that passes through different areas to regulate the response and thus try to guarantee that cosmos or internal balance in our body.
2. The directors and assistant directors: your neuroendocrine axesThe nervous and endocrine system depends on the hypothalamus, the well-known neuroendocrine axis that, like good "bosses", work as a team to coordinate the functions of all the organs and organic systems, the main ones are:
- The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis
- The hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis
- The hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis (linked to our sex hormones: ovaries in women and testicles in men)
- The neurohypophyseal axis
3. Teamwork: dependency relationshipWhen one of the members of the team of deputy directors/glands in charge of producing hormones does not execute its work adequately, either due to an excessive workload or poor performance, the rest of the team members will be affected to treat to compensate for the malfunction of one of them. Therefore, if we have our stress axis (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis) with an excessive workload, it is more than likely that the gonadal axis will be affected. How many of you have your menstrual cycle altered in periods of stress ? Do you have a lack of performance in training under stressful circumstances? It seems complex but we are constantly experiencing these situations in which the excessive load on one axis alters the proper functioning of another to supercompensate this situation.
3.1. Stress and emotional disorderIn this context, if our CEO, the hypothalamus, is subjected to a situation of chronic stress, the rest of the areas will undoubtedly be affected, giving rise to an environment or work climate in which this situation is breathed. Therefore, everything that happens emotionally will have an impact in one way or another on each and every one of our neuroendocrine axes and, therefore, not only on our nervous and hormonal systems but also on our immune systems. We can affirm that all our endocrine responses have a strong emotional component. Talking about emotions is talking about science and medicine and any treatment focused on restoring balance and resetting our body cannot and should not be left aside.
4. Wrong conclusion: emotional rationingAs with many other aspects of our lives, emotions are a double-edged sword. There are times when they allow us to become aware of truths that are difficult to access and understand by our rational being, but in many others, they give you a blurred vision of your reality. Emotional reasoning is nothing more than an attempt by our rational being to seek a justification for the messages of our emotions instead of analyzing them objectively and judiciously assessing whether or not such emotions conform to reality. When we reason emotions, we can come to draw wrong conclusions with the impact on our physiology that this entails ( stressed hypothalamus → cascade alteration of neuroendocrine axes). Examples of emotional reasoning that lead us to stressful conclusions:
- I have a mental block → I am not able to face the situation
- I feel lonely → nobody loves me
- Something scares me → I am in danger